- Common European Framework of Reference for Languages - 

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evel group

level group name


level name

Common European Framework of Reference for Languages



Basic User




Breakthrough or beginner


  • Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type.
  • Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has.
  • Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.
  • 能理解並運用每天熟悉、與自己喜好有關且具體的表達方式和非常基礎的語句,可以介紹或詢問、回答自己或他人有關個人的訊息,例如居住地、人際關係、所有物,對於他人緩慢而清晰的對談,只能以簡單的方式產生反應。


Way stage or elementary


  • Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment).
  • Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters.
  • Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.
  • 能理解在最貼近自己的環境中經常被使用的表達方式或語句,例如非常基本的個人和家庭資料、購物、區域地理、和就業,能與人溝通簡單而例行性的工作,這類工作通常只需要簡單而直接的日常訊息,另外,這個等級的學習者,能夠用粗淺的詞語描述自身背景、以及最貼近自己的環境之中的事物。

A2程度約等同:TOEIC/新版 350 /225 = IELTS 3級分(以上) = TOEFL紙筆/電腦 390/90 = GEPT初級複試程度

本階段程度單字識字量約1500 / 法涵蓋參考國三程度


Independent User




Threshold or intermediate


  • Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc.
  • Can deal with most situations likely to arise while travelling in an area where the language is spoken.
  • Can produce simple connected text on topics that are familiar or of personal interest.
  • Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes and ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.
  • 能理解自己在工作、學習環境、休閒環境等等遇到熟悉的事物做出理解,能再該語言使用地區旅遊時對應各種可能的狀況,也可以對於自己感興趣或熟知的的事物提出簡單的相關資訊,另外還能夠描述經驗、事件、夢境、願望、和雄心大志,並能對自己的意見或計畫做出簡略的解釋。

B1程度約等同:TOEIC/新版550以上= IELTS 4.5 級分以上=TOEFL 457/137以上= GEPT中級複試程度

本階段程度單字識字量約3500字以上 / 法涵蓋參考高二程度


Vantage or upper intermediate


  • Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialisation.
  • Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party.
  • Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.
  • 能理解複雜文章段落的具體和抽象主旨,包括技巧地討論自己專門的領域,可自然而流暢地和該語言的母語使用者進行例行互動。可以針對廣泛的主題說出清晰、細節性的文字,並且可對於一個議題提出解釋與利弊分析或是各式各樣的想法。

B2程度約等同:TOEIC/新版780以上= IELTS 6 級分以上=托福TOEFL 540/200 以上= GEPT中高級複試程度

本階段程度單字識字量約6000字以上 / 法涵蓋參考高三程度


Proficient User



Effective Operational Proficiency or advanced


  • Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning.
  • Can express ideas fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions.
  • Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes.
  • Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.
  • 能理解包括要求、長篇文章、或意義含蓄的廣泛訊息,自然而流暢的表達,而沒有明顯的詞窮狀況發生,懂得彈性並有效率的運用語言在社交、學術、專業目的之上,對於複雜的主題能產生清晰且架構良好、細節性的文字,展現收放自如的組織形式、連結和精巧的策略。

C1程度約等同:TOEIC/新版880以上= IELTS 7級分以上=托福TOEFL 590/250以上= GEPT高級複試程度



Mastery or proficiency


  • Can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read.
  • Can summarise information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation.
  • Can express him/herself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in the most complex situations.
  • 能夠輕易理解任何吸收到的訊息,並且針對不同書面或口語來源做出大綱、重新架構不同的論點,提出的表達,自然而非常流暢,緊緊地抓住語言最唯妙唯肖的部分,更能在較為複雜的場合上辨別專業上細微的意涵

C2程度約等同:TOEIC/新版950以上= IELTS 8級分以上=托福TOEFL 650/275以上= GEPT優級複試程度

  • 本階段程度單字識字量約10000字以上



































































  *歐洲會議為幫助語言檢定的發展與應用,於20091月發布修正版,將原本的6級修正為9 (增加A2+B1+B2+)

 *德國由政府贊助的Deutsche Welle更將德國語言課程A1-B1等級細分為A1-1A1-2A2-1A2-2B1-1B1-2,並

   建議  A1須達到75小時的學習時數並學會大約500個單字,A2-1約為150小時的學習時數並學會大約1000個單字,A2-2

   約為225  小時的學習時數並學會大約1500個單字, B1-1約為300小時的學習時數並學會大約2000個單字,B1-2

  400小時的學習  時數並學會大約2500個單字。其語言課程規劃的標準適用於許多歐洲語言。(資料來源:教育部與維基百科)


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